Jerez de la Frontera is the birthplace of flamenco music. The style is a combination of various folk traditions of southern Spain and wandering Gypsy musicians. It consists of cante (singing), toque (guitar playing), baile (dance), jaleo (vocalizations), palmas (handclapping), and pitos (finger snapping).
One of the most famous flamenco performers from Jerez is María Dolores Flores Ruiz (1923-1995), known as Lola Flores:
In 2013, the BBC aired a documentary on Flamenco music called Flamenco: Gypsy Soul.